What Are The Causes Of Burns- The Symptoms & What Is The Treatment?

The Causes Of Burns- The Symptoms & The Treatment?

The majority of burns are minor injuries that occur at home or work. It is common to get a minor burn from hot water, a curling iron, or touching a hot oven. Treatment at home is usually all that is needed for healing and to prevent other problems, such as infection.

There are many types of burns.

1- Heat burns (thermal burns) These type of burns are caused by fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. Scald burns from hot liquids are the most common burns to children and older youngsters.

2- Cold temperature. These type of burns are caused by skin exposure to wet, windy, or cold conditions.

3- Electrical burns-caused by contact with electrical sources or by lightning.

4- Chemical burns- caused by contact with household or industrial chemicals in a liquid, solid, or gas form. Natural foods such as chili peppers, which contain a substance irritating to the skin and can cause a burning sensations.

5- Radiation burns- caused by the sun, tanning booths, sunlamps, X-rays, and or radiation therapy for cancer treatment.

6- Friction burns- caused by contact with any hard surface such as roads (“road   rash”), carpets, or gym floor surfaces. They are usually both a scrape (abrasion) and a heat burn. Athletes who fall on floors, courts, or tracks may get  friction burns to the skin. Motorcycle or bicycle riders who have road accidents while not wearing protective gear also may get friction burns.

Also Breathing in hot air or gases can injure your lungs (inhalation injuries). Breathing in toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide, can cause   serious poisoning.

These Burns are known to injure the skin layers and can also injure other parts of the body, such as muscles, blood vessels, nerves, lungs, and eyes. Burns are defined as first-, second-, third-, or fourth-degree burns, depending on how many layers of skin and tissue are damaged. The deeper the burn and the larger the burned area, the more serious the burn would be.

1- First-degree burns are burns of the first layer of skin.



A- Superficial partial-thickness burns injure the first and second layers of skin.

B- Deep partial-thickness burns injure deeper skin layers.

3-Third-degree burns ( These are full-thickness burns) injure all the skin layers and tissue under the skin… These burns always require medical attntion.


4- Fourth-degree burns extend through the skin to include muscle,  ligaments, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, and bones. These burns


always require medical attention.

The seriousness of burns are determined by many factors including:

  • It’s depth, size, cause, affected body area, age,  and the health of the burn victims.
  • Any other injuries that may have occurred, and the need for follow-up care.

Burns affect people of all ages, though some are at higher risk than others.

  • Most burns that occur in children younger than age 5 are scald burns from hot liquids.
  • Almost half of all burns occur in the 17- to 65-year-old age group.
  • The Older adults are at a higher risk for burns, mostly scald burns from hot liquids.
  • Males are twice as likely to have burn injuries as women would.

Children Burns

Young children and babies may have a more severe reaction from a burn than an adult. A burn in an adult may cause minor loss of fluids from the body, but in a baby or young child, the same size and depth of a burn may cause a severe fluid loss.

The child’s age determines how safe his or her environment needs to be, as well as how much the child needs to be supervised. At each stage of a child’s life, look for burn hazards and use appropriate safety measures. Since most burns happen in the home, simple safety measures decrease the chance of anyone getting burned.

If and When a child or vulnerable adult is burned, it is important to find out how the burn happened. If the reported cause of the burn does not match how the burn looks, may be an abuse must be considered. Self-inflicted burns will require treatment as well as an evaluation of the person’s emotional being.

Infections are a concern with all burns. Watch for signs of infection during the healing process. In Home treatment for a minor burn will reduce the risk of infection. And deep burns with open blisters are more likely to become infected and need medical attention. You Must Check your symptoms to decide if and when you should see a doctor!


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